Proposal for a national Myanmar Disaster Preparedness Program (DPP)

PROGRAM OUTLINE
 
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) aims to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention.
 
Disaster preparedness programs (DPPs) are part of this overall strategy. The bamboo RSK uses a simple innovation in shelter construction that provides a unique opportunity for the first ever shelter preparedness program on an international scale.
 
The partnership between Myanmar Red Cross, CDA and S.Halbert of ReciproBoo Shelter has recently demonstrated how successful a community outreach shelter preparedness program based on the ReciproBoo Shelter Kit (RSK) can be, especially when preceded by the training of aid organisation staff members.

The following proposal for funding will build on this success and show how training and preparedness programs, based on the bamboo RSK, can be incorporated within existing projects for DRR in Myanmar. It is anticipated that the program could serve as a template to reduce the natural hazard risks faced by other communities worldwide.

The shelter preparedness program will train 40 communities at risk within the first month and a further 400 within the first year. In addition it will make use of the existing school DRR awareness campaigns to teach the educational aspects of reciprocal frame use. The overall impact will be to empower over a million people in Myanmar to be able to build their own dignified bamboo shelter in an emergency situation and be able to upgrade it to a transitional shelter during the rebuild phase.

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (DRR)

TRAINING IN HOW TO USE THE RECIPROBOO SHELTER KIT

SCHOOL DRR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN

RECIPROCAL FRAME METHOD OF SHELTER CONSTRUCTION MADE WIDELY AVAILABLE

DISASTER PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM

ONE MILLION PEOPLE EMPOWERED TO BUILD BAMBOO RSKs

THE URGENT NEED FOR A SHELTER PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM

 
a) Myanmar ranks first as the ‘most at risk’ country in Asia and the
Pacific according to the UN-OCHA Risk Model. The country is
exposed to a wide range of natural hazards resulting in both small
scale and large-scale disasters.

 
b) The impact of climate change is already being felt in various States
and Regions of Myanmar. This is reflected recently by the recurring
annual flooding that has affected the lives and livelihoods of
hundreds of thousands of people.
 
c) Shelter vulnerability is compounded by widespread poverty, poor
construction practices and lack of knowledge of natural resource
management for mitigating natural hazards.

d) The Government of Myanmar has identified capacity development in
DRR as a priority and set up the Myanmar Action Plan for DRR
(MAPDRR).

By proactively engaging with the international community there is now
considerable momentum to put in place programs that can make
better use of human and natural resources for DRR. These include
training schemes and bamboo agriculture, as well as national
awareness projects through education and schools, all of these
elements are included in this bamboo RSK preparedness
program.

IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE

RECURRING NATURAL HAZARDS

DEVELOP PROGRAMS TO MAKE THE MOST USE OF HUMAN RESOURCES

BUILD BAMBOO RSKs

WHY THE BAMBOO RSK IS BEST SUITED FOR DPPs

The exceptional strength and efficiency of the reciprocal frame roof of the bamboo RSK will save aid agencies a huge 33% in bamboo compared to traditional structures. This translates to a 33% saving in transportation costs, important at times of disaster when bamboo often needs to be moved by truck.

The 7 bamboo poles for the basic emergency shelter frame cost less than $10 retail. This can be reduced to less than $2 if the bamboo is prepared in the local community, making it the first affordable shelter of its type.

The bamboo RSK requires only simple lashing skills for assembly so that all members, young and old, of the community can assist with building the shelter.

The ability of the shelter to support insulation makes it cooler than a tent thereby reducing the risk of dehydration in debilitated individuals at the time of a disaster.

The RSK is the first shelter that the roof can be thatched with palm leaves on the ground before lifting onto support posts. This means a family can build a shelter to provide protection from the elements while they await delivery of tarpaulins.

The emergency RSK can be upgraded to the “transitional” ReciproBoo shelter when more bamboo becomes available. This more permanent shelter uses the same roof frame as the emergency shelter thereby making it easy for families to return and rebuild their devastated homes after a disaster.

The bamboo RSK is designed to meet Sphere guidelines and fit all standard relief tarpaulins.
 

SUITABILTY OF BAMBOO RSK

STRONG

SIMPLE

EFFICIENT

SUPPORTS HEAVY INSULATION

BASIC SKILLS
REQUIRED

SAVING 33% BAMBOO

ROOF EASY TO THATCH WITH
PALM LEAVES

SAVING 33% TRANSPORT COSTS

EASILY UGRADED TO A TRANSITIONAL SHELTER

LESS THAN $10
PER FRAME

COOLER THAN A TENT

PARTNERS ASSISTING US WITH THIS PROGRAM


The Myanmar Red Cross(MRC)

In 2015 and 2016, together with MRC, we organised three one day bamboo RSK training workshops in Yangon. Staff representatives from aid organisations, including ICRC, World Vision, CDA, Plan International, Northern Refugee Council, Habitat for Humanity, Care International and Seeds Asia that attended these workshops have all indicated their future support for using the RSK.

The Myanmar Community Development Association (CDA)

This is a large group group of local NGOs working to provide shelter at times of disaster. Members of CDA have followed up their Yangon training by setting up further training sessions of communities in the Irrawaddy Delta and Northern Shan State. There are plans to extend this training further to the Sagain region of Myanmar. It is this “seeding” of community training that this program sets out to develop further on a national scale.

The International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC)

The IFRC have recently published some technical guidelines “A Bamboo Frame For Emergency Shelters And Emergency Roofs”.
These technical guidelines are based on the bamboo RSK. This source of reference for RSK shelter construction is available throughout the International Red Cross network and will assist us with this program. The extent of this network in Myanmar is considerable; the Myanmar Red Cross has 330 branches and 100,000 volunteers.

OUR PARTNERS

MYANMAR RED CROSS

MYANMAR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF RED CROSS (IFRC)

HOW THE TRAINING WILL WORK

Instructor level training in Yangon and Northern Shan State

Two representatives (a total of 80) from aid organisations and shelter NGOs working throughout Myanmar will be trained to an Advanced Instructor Standard (AIS) at courses in Yangon and Northern Shan State (Fig 1).
The emphasis will be on practical work and will ensure a high standard of competence in the new construction method. The trainees will be issued with the latest updated guideline handbook and a “shelter check list” to assist with their future demonstrations.
Costs to provide this training are based on the previous bamboo RSK training courses in 2015 and 2016.

The first community training and selected training of further RC volunteers.

Each pair of AIS volunteers will return to their region and set up the first DPP training in a community at risk. Instructors will work in pairs to ensure a high standard of instruction is maintained. At this first training session the two AIS volunteers will train two further volunteers to a Basic Instructor Standard (BIS) in the building of bamboo RSKs.
An allowance of $150 will be made for materials and the use of 6 standard relief tarpaulins . These tarpaulins will be returned after training for storage at a regional Red Cross depot.

Outreach community training.

Over the next 11 months, the AIS volunteers will set up shelter preparedness programs in a further 10 communities at risk . Each team will have the use of 6 tarpaulins from the central RC storage depot for this purpose. As the material costs are so low, it is anticipated that the communities will be able to provide the bamboo poles and lashings for this training.
The BIS volunteers will also work in pairs to set up further DPPs in communities. This “seeding” of training is necessary to expand the program and make the most effective use of the existing large volunteer network. It is this secondary training that will be most closely evaluated at the 6 month assessment ( see below). Careful management at the Red Cross depots will also enable these BIS volunteers to make use of the stored tarpaulins for their demonstrations.

TRAINING

INSTRUCTOR TRAINING IN YANGON

SCONDARY INSTRUCTOR TRAINING IN COMMUNITIES

SHELTER PREPAREDNESS TRAINING IN COMMUNITIES

THE SCHOOL DRR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN

Alongside the community training, an education awareness scheme based on the RSK shelter will be set up. This is important as very few people are aware of reciprocal frames and their uses.

Teachers will receive basic instruction in the reciprocal frame concept and its educational applications, from scientific concept and history through to its use in the construction of shelters. They will then be encouraged to return to their schools and incorporate the educational aspects of reciprocal frame shelters in their lessons to children.

The campaign will generate interest in the community training and also widen the public awareness of this new method of shelter construction.

By fitting in with the existing Myanmar Government /Aid Organisation DRR awareness campaigns the costs for this program will be mainly for the printing of leaflets to assist the instruction classes.

MONITORING AND EVALUATION

Participants, including government and NGO representatives will meet with S.Halbert (ReciproBoo) after 6 months to evaluate the effectiveness of the secondary training of instructors and again after 12 months to assess the completed program.
At this time the final DPP report will be published for wider circulation in the shelter community.

EDUCATION

DRR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN

TEACHERS AND SCHOOLS

MONITORING AND EVALUATION

6 AND 12 MONTH ASSESSMENTS

PUBLICATION OF FINAL REPORT

COSTS

Contact us for a detailed breakdown of the costs of the program.

We are continually re-assessing the costs based on the volunteer network we can mobilise and the input from tarpaulin donors.

The main costs are;

1. TARPAULINS

A minimum of 240 are needed for the program.
Retailing at $20 each this is our greatest expense. It is hoped we can get some of these tarpaulins donated by manufacturers or aid agencies.

2. BAMBOO, LASHINGS AND ROPES.

The cost of the shelter frame is less than $6 retail. This can be reduced to less than $2 per frame if the bamboo is grown and dried in the community

3. TRAINING

An allowance of $150 per community is being made to cover the basic expenses of volunteers.

No charge is made for the training of the 80 instructors, but basic travel and venue expenses will be covered.

4. PRINTING

The printing of guidelines and leaflets for the education awareness campaign.

5. TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE

Movement and storage of tarpaulins.

6. LOCAL PROGRAM COORDINATOR

For overall local supervision of the program at the Red Cross rate.

USE OF VOLUNTEER NETWORK

LOW COST OF MATERIALS

ALL MATERIALS WILL BE
RE-USED FOR
DISASTER RESPONSE

HIGH BENEFIT / COST RATIO

PRIMARY IMPACT OF THE SHELTER PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM

1. When combined with the school DRR awareness campaign the program will empower
over a million people with the ability to prepare, assemble and build their own
emergency bamboo RSKs.

2. Aid organisations, by working more closely with communities, will be able to make
good use of the large “RSK shelter trained manpower resource” created by this
program in future major disaster responses.

3. The shelter program will provide a template for other countries to follow that
are looking to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards by promoting DRR
awareness in their own communities at risk.

4. There will be a 33% savings in bamboo resources used. Aid organisations will save
33% in bamboo transporation costs in a large scale disaster.

SECONDARY IMPACT OF THE SHELTER PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM

1. Health benefits of this cooler insulated shelter include reducing the risk of dehydration
and lowering the incidence of respiratory infections by improving ventilation.

2. Families in remote locations will not have to wait for a tarpaulin. They can thatch their
own bamboo RSK roof frame on the ground with palm leaves and simply lift it onto
posts to provide emergency shelter.

3. Communities will have the option to build 4 unit RSK communal reception rooms or
temporary classrooms.

4. Families will have the additional security of being able to lower their shelter roof to the
severe storm profile shelter within minutes if needed.

5. Families will be able to upgrade their shelter to the more permanent double elevated
RSK. This transitional shelter will enable whole communities to return and rebuild their
homes after a disaster.

IMPACT OF PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM

1 MILLION PEOPLE WILL BE ABLE TO BUILD THE RSK SHELTER

33% SAVING IN BAMBOO RESOURCES

IMPROVED USE OF MANPOWER RESOURCES

FAMILIES CAN THATCH ROOF OF RSK IF TARPAULIN SUPPLY DELAYED

HEALTH BENEFITS : A COOLER SHELTER, REDUCED DEHYDRATION

TEMPORARY RSK CLASSROOMS: MINIMAL EDUCATION DISRUPTION

RSK IS EASILY UPGRADED TO A MORE PERMANENT SHELTER

The ReciproBoo Shelter Kit

Winner of the Aidex innovation award 2015.

This award, promoted as the 'next big invention' to help others, is open to design agencies, engineering companies and individuals who have a new concept or product that will save or improve lives.

The award recognises the practical applications of this new method of shelter construction in large scale disaster preparedness and response programs.

For further information please contact S.Halbert ( ReciproBoo Director):
shaunvet@hotmail.co.uk
+44 (0) 7890401558

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